Try a water hammer arrestor. This mostly only fixes water hammer caused by washing machines and dishwashers. But it is worth a try with a sprinkler-related water hammer. Install it per the instructions on the package and try putting it on a hose bib to the point where the irrigation system connects to the house water. If you have a hose bib on the irrigation system mainline, that is an even better place. Or you can tap into the irrigation mainline to install it. If it does not work, remove it and return it to the store where you purchased it.
Try Reducing Pressure
If the valve is one size smaller than the pipe then there is a chance that the valve is the problem. Cheaper valves often snap closed faster than more costly ones. It might be a good idea to replace the valve.
Splitting valve zones is another good way to rid water hammers. If only one of the irrigation valves is causing a water hammer, the easiest solution is to reduce the amount of water that the valve is using. That will reduce the velocity and the water hammer should stop. You then need to reduce the number of sprinkler heads the valve operates. The easiest way to do that is to install a second valve and connect half the sprinklers to it.
Check all of the pipes that your water passes through on the way from the water main to the valves to see if there is a “bottleneck” – a section of pipe that is smaller than the others. You will need to check the gooseneck, the house water supply pipe, and the irrigation mainline. As soon as you find one that is smaller than the rest, replace that with a larger pipe.
To determine the size of the pipe, grab a piece of string about 6″ long. Measure how many inches of string it takes to go around the pipe once. The string length is the circumference of the pipe. Using the circumference you can find your pipe size below:
|For Copper and PEX Tube and Pipe|
|4.32″||1 1/4″ pipe|
|5.10″||1 1/2″ pipe|
|For Steel Pipe or PVC Plastic Pipe|
|5.00″||1 1/4″ pipe|
|6.00″||1 1/2″ pipe|
|For Flexible Polyethylene Pipe|
|4.90-5.57″||1 1/4″ pipe|
|5.70-6.28″||1 1/2″ pipe|
Fixing Air in Pipes
There are two methods for removing air from pipes is to release the air by opening the pipe or increase the water speed and force the air out.
- Use The flow control handle to open and then close the valve.
- To force the air out you must increase the water velocity to the point so that it pushes out the air bubbles.
- To increase the velocity by creating a high water demand you can achieve this by turning on as many water outlets as possible.
- The resulted high velocity causes the water to rush through the pipes forcing the trapped air out of the pipe.
- Remove the air you need to manually open two or more of the circuit valves at once.
- Run the water for a while in order to force all of the air out.
- Make sure to close the valves one at a time.
- A pressure surge can be caused if you close them at the same time and the surge could damage your irrigation system.
- In order to increase the water velocity in a lateral pipe, you must remove some of the sprinklers from the valve circuit.
- Locate and remove the three sprinkler heads that are the furthest from the circuit valve.
- Once they are removed open the valve and flush out the air.
- If that does not solve it, try removing more sprinkler heads.
- As a result, the air is flushed output the sprinkler heads back on.
If your problem persists after the next cycle your sprinkler heads could be at different heights causing the water to drain out of the pipes through the sprinkler heads which causes air to get into the pipes.
As a result, you need to install check valves at the inlets of your sprinklers. The check valves do not affect your sprinklers it pushes the water back so it does not drain out. So, a lot of manufacturers are making sprinklers with check valves built-in.
- To remove the air, turn on all your faucets and flush all of your toilets.
- Wait a few minutes to allow the air to move out.
- Turn off the faucets one at a time, starting with the one closest to the location your water supply enters your house.
- Flush it again and wait two additional minutes before you close another faucet.